BMP Files: A Comprehensive Guide to Opening, Converting, and Sending

  • By imgType
  • Published: Sep 22, 2023

When it comes to image file formats, you’ve probably heard of popular ones like JPEG and PNG. But there’s another format that deserves attention – BMP. In this blog post, we’ll delve into BMP files, exploring what they are, what they’re used for, their pros and cons, and how to open, convert, and send BMP files. 

We’ll also introduce you to a handy image conversion tool for your convenience. So, let’s get started!

What is BMP?

BMP stands for Bitmap Image or Bitmap File Format. It’s one of the oldest image file formats still in use today. BMP files are known for their simplicity and high-quality representation of images. They are typically uncompressed, meaning they store image data without any loss in quality.

What are BMP Files Used For?

  • Print Media: BMP files are commonly used in professional printing, as they provide precise color and detail, making them ideal for high-quality printing.
  • Scanned Images: When you scan physical photographs or documents, BMP can be a suitable format to retain the original image quality.
  • Icon and Logo Design: BMP files are often used in designing icons and logos for applications or websites, as they offer pixel-level precision.
  • Archival Purposes: Due to their lossless compression, BMP files are used for archival purposes, ensuring that no quality is lost over time.

BMP Pros and Cons


  • Lossless Quality: BMP files maintain the original image quality without any compression artifacts, making them perfect for images that require utmost precision.
  • Wide Compatibility: BMP files are supported by most image editing and viewing software, making them versatile for various applications.
  • Simple Structure: BMP files have a straightforward structure, which makes them easy to understand and manipulate for advanced users.


  • Large File Size: BMP files are notorious for their large file sizes due to their lack of compression. This can be a disadvantage when it comes to storage and transmission.
  • Limited Features: Unlike modern formats like JPEG and PNG, BMP files lack support for advanced features like transparency and multiple layers.
  • Not Suitable for Web: Due to their large file sizes, BMP files are not practical for web use. It’s better to convert them to more web-friendly formats like JPEG or PNG.

Opening BMP Files

To open BMP files, you can use a variety of image editing software such as Adobe Photoshop, GIMP, or even the default image viewer on your operating system.

Converting BMP Files

If you need to convert BMP files to other formats like JPEG, PNG, or WebP, you can use online converters or dedicated software. For quick conversions, you can try the online ImgType Converter Tool. It allows you to easily convert BMP files to various formats with just a few clicks.

Sending BMP Files

When sending BMP files, it’s essential to consider their large size. For sharing via email or on the web, it’s advisable to convert them to a more compressed format using the ImgType Converter Tool or other similar tools. After conversion, you can use email attachments, cloud storage, or file-sharing services to send the files to your intended recipients.

In conclusion

BMP files have their own niche in the world of image formats, thanks to their lossless quality and simplicity. However, their large file size and limited features may not always make them the best choice. Understanding their strengths and weaknesses and knowing how to open, convert, and send BMP files, with the help of tools like ImgType Converter, can help you make the most of this classic image format.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is a BMP file, and how does it differ from other image formats like JPEG and PNG?

A BMP file, short for Bitmap Image, is an uncompressed image format that stores images with exceptional quality but larger file sizes compared to JPEG and PNG. Unlike JPEG, BMP doesn't use compression, which means it maintains pixel-perfect quality but results in larger file sizes.

What are the primary uses of BMP files in today's digital landscape?

BMP files find their primary utility in scenarios where image quality preservation is critical, such as professional printing, scanning documents, and designing icons or logos. They are also used for archival purposes to ensure long-term image quality retention.

How can I open BMP files on my computer?

You can open BMP files using a variety of image editing software like Adobe Photoshop, GIMP, or even the default image viewer on your operating system. Simply double-click the BMP file, and it should open in your default viewer.

What's the recommended approach for sending BMP files to others?

Due to their large file sizes, sending BMP files directly via email or online messaging may not be practical. It's advisable to convert BMP files to a more compressed format like JPEG or PNG using image editing software and then share them through email attachments or cloud storage services for easier transmission.

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